The purpose of this study is to examine the views of parents with special needs children regarding their children's sex education. Convergent parallel design, one of the mixed research methods, has been used in the study. Quantitative data were obtained from 200 parents and qualitative data from 15 parents from the same sample group who volunteered to do face-to-face interviews. Descriptive statistics and the Chi-Square test have been used for analyzing the quantitative data. In the analysis of the parents' views on the necessity of sex education, it was found that 94.5% of parents consider sex education necessary. In the qualitative analysis, 13 parents stated that they consider sex education necessary, while two stated that they do not consider it necessary. When the parents' views regarding by whom/at what age sex-related information should be provided, both quantitative and qualitative findings revealed that they think parents should provide sex-related information, and teachers and doctors took the second place in this sense. Quantitative analysis of parents' views on the content of sex-related information revealed that they think sexual organs, changes in the body, and sexual abuse should be the main topics included in sex education. Both quantitative and qualitative findings have shown that there is a lack of information in parents. In line with research findings, it is recommended to prepare qualified programs and carry out awareness-raising activities for sex education of children with special needs.

Keywords: Sex education, special education, children.


Ariadni, K. D., Prabandari, Y. S. & Sumarni, D. W. (2018). Parents' perception having children with intellectual disability providing sex education: A qualitative study in Yogyakarta. Galore International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, 2(3), 2456-9321. Available at: https://www.gijhsr.com/GIJHSR_Vol.2_Issue.3_Sep2017/1.pdf (Accessed: 18.05.2020).

Bulut, S., &Karaman, H . (2018). Sexual, Physical and emotional abuse of individuals with disabilities. Ankara University Faculty of Educational Sciences Journal of Special Education, 19(2) , 277-301. DOI:10.21565/ozelegitimdergisi.382961 

Börf, S. (2017). Determination of teacher and family views in down sendromu students at the taking of sexual education (Unpublished master thesis). Near East University Institute of Educational Sciences, Nicosia.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. A., & Demirel, F. (2020). Scientific research methods. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Clatos, K., & Asare, M. (2016). Sexuality education intervention for parents of children with disabilities: A pilot training program. American Journal of Health Studies, 31(3),151-162. PMID: 28690386 PMCID: PMC5500202

Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. P. (2012). Mixed research methods. Ankara: Anı Publishing.

Çiftçi Tekinarslan, İ., & Eratay, E. (2013). Investigation of parental behaviour during the period of compliance with adolescents with mental deficiency. Education Sciences, 8(3), 363-374. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nwsaedu/issue/19811/211899

Eliküçük, A. & Sönmez, S. (2011). Examination of opinions of parents about sexual development and education six years old children. Journal of Social Policy Studies, 25(25),15-18. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/spcd/issue/21104/227286

Er, R. K., Büyükbayraktar, Ç. G. & Kesici, Ş. (2016). Developing a sexual education program for students with special education needs. Turkish  Journal of Education, 5(4), 224-234. https://doi.org/10.19128/turje.267920

Evans, R., Widman, L., Kamke, K., & Stewart, J. L. (2020). Gender differences in parents’ communication with their adolescent children about sexual risk and sex-positive topics. The Journal of Sex Research, 57(2), 177-188. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2019.1661345

Günlü, Y. (2015). Identifiying the opinions of the parents ,who have a child suffering from mental deficiency in puberty, about their child’s sexuality (Unpublished master thesis). Ankara University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Gürbüz, S., (2018). Development of sexual development characteristics scale of adolescents with intellectual disability (Unpublished master thesis). Izzet Abant University, Bolu.

Kır, E. (2013). Çocuklara yönelik cinsel taciz ve istismara karşı önleyici eğitim çalışmaları. Istanbul University Faculty of Law Journal, 71(1), 785-800. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iuhfm/issue/9188/115192

Koran, N. (2018). Cinsel Gelişim. Erken çocukluk döneminde gelişim (36-72 Ay) içinde (pp. 229-246). Ç. Gür (Ed.) Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

Michielsen, K., & Brockschmidt, L. (2021). Barriers to sexuality education for children and young people with disabilities in the WHO European region: a scoping review. Sex Education, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2020.1851181

Nadeem, A., Cheema, M. K., & Zameer, S. (2021). Perceptions of Muslim parents and teachers towards sex education in Pakistan. Sex Education, 21(1), 106-118. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2020.1753032

Namkung, E. H., Valentine, A., Warner, L., & Mitra, M. (2021). Contraceptive use at first sexual intercourse among adolescent and young adult women with disabilities: The role of formal sex education. Contraception, 103(3), 178-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2020.12.007

Pavelová, Ľ., Archalousová, A., Slezáková, Z., Zrubcová, D., Solgajová, A., Spáčilová, Z., ... & Slamková, A. (2021). The Need for Nurse Interventions in Sex Education in Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 492-504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020492

Ram, S., Andajani, S. & Mohammadnezhad, M. (2020). Parent's perception regarding the delivery of sexual and reproductive health (srh) education in secondary schools in Fiji: A qualitative study. Hindawi Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3675684

Scott, R. H., Smith, C., Formby, E., Hadley, A., Hallgarten, L., Hoyle, A.& Tourountsis, D. (2020). What and how: doing good research with young people, digital intimacies, and relationships and sex education. Sex Education, 20(6), 675-691. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2020.1732337

Siecus, R. (2000). Sexuality information and education council of the united states, USA: Siecus.

Tepper M. (2001). Becoming sexually able: Education to help youth with disabilities. Siecus Report, 29(3), 5-13. Available at: https://search.proquest.com/openview/80195ba4e14b1adbb31f1d985e5b59e0/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=35312  (Accessed: 15.03.2020)

Thin Zaw, P. P., McNeil, E., Oo, K., Liabsuetrakul, T., & Htay, T. T. (2021). Abstinence-only or comprehensive sex education at Myanmar schools: preferences and knowledge among students, teachers, parents and policy makers. Sex Education, 21(1), 75-90. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2020.1749043

Yektaoğlu-Tomgüsehan, T. (2018). Investigating the effectiveness of sexual abuse protection programe towards the mentally disabled (Unpublished master's thesis). Near East University Institute of Educational Sciences, Nicosia. Available at: http://docs.neu.edu.tr/library/6746804349.pdf  (Accessed: 20.04.2020)




How to Cite

BARTİN, L. ., GÜR, Çağla ., & NURİ, C. . (2021). EXAMINING THE VIEWS OF PARENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS CHILDREN REGARDING THEIR CHILDREN’S SEX EDUCATION (NORTH CYPRUS SAMPLE). Turkish International Journal of Special Education and Guidance & Counselling ISSN: 1300-7432, 10(2), 125–140. Retrieved from https://tijseg.org/index.php/tijseg/article/view/143



Research Article